Nuuksio National Park is a national park in the Espoo, Kirkkonummi and Vihti areas.
It covers an area of 53 square kilometers and was established in 1994. The location of Nuuksio National Park near the capital is rare by European standards.
The area has been left uninhabited for decades due to its inadequate agriculture due to its difficult marshes and rocky conditions. The area’s environment has been further exploited for farming purposes and the settlements have spread to the cultivated areas.
Scouts have held their summer camps in the Nuuksio area for several decades. Partly on their initiative, the area became a national park in the mid-1990s. At that time, it was speculated that without the Conservation Decision, the area designated as a National Park would soon have been used as a building land, as the metropolitan area began to grow at an accelerating pace and the need for land was growing dramatically.
Nuuksio’s appeal lies in its close proximity to the capital and the wide range of activities on offer for people of all ages.
The park is known to host dozens species of fauna, flora and fungi. There are nearly 200 wildlife flying squirrel in the Nuuksio area.
How to Get There?
The National Park is situated in the north of Ring III Road (Kehä III), between the main roads number 1 (to Turku), and number 120 (to Pori).
Going to the eastern or northern parts of the park, drive on the Nupurintie road (road number 110), and then turn to Brobackantie road towards north in Nupuri. Later Brobackantie changes to Nuuksiontie road. Drive Nuuksiontie past The Finnish Nature Centre Haltia a couple of kilometres. Turn left at the National Park sign when going to Haukkalampi. When going to Kattila, in the northern part of the Park, stay on the Nuuksiontie (also called Kattilantie) until it ends.
To get to the southern part of the park, from Brobackantie road follow the signs to Siikajärvi.
To the western parts, drive via Veikkola.
Haukkalammentie can become congested from time to time. Weekends from May to September are most crowded. Parking on the shoulder is strictly prohibited to ensure constant access for emergency vehicles.
For visitors arriving by car, the best starting points for excursions are the parking areas of Haltia, Kattila, Högbacka, and Siikaniemi. Haukkalampi can also be reached on foot from the Finnish Nature Centre Haltia, but the hiking trail is challenging.
You will find suggestions of trails of different levels together with timetables and bus stops on web service nuuksioon.fi (nuuksioon.fi/en). It is available in Finnish and English.
Helsinki Regional Transport’s (later: HSL) Journey Planner (hsl.reittiopas.fi) assists you in finding the routes, zones and prices to get to the park within the capital area.
There goes bus 245(A) from Espoo station to both the eastern and northern parts of the national park as well as to the Finnish Nature Centre Haltia. At summertime you can take it all the way to Kattila in the north, whereas in winter the terminus is located in Nuuksionpää. You can get to Espoo station eg. by train (E, L, U and Y).
When going to Haukkalampi there is a 2-kilometer walk along road Haukkalammentie from the nearest bus stop Haukkalammentie. However, you can get off already at bus stop Punjonsuo and walk a 100-metre leg along the shoulder of road Nuuksiontie towards Haltia in order to find the crossing of a connecting trail marked with orange tilted squares with a black horizontal stripe on trees. There are signposts to both Haltia and Haukkalampi at the crossing of the road Nuuksiontie and the connecting trail.
You’ll reach the southern part of the national park from two locations: Bus 238 runs from Leppävaara station to Siikaniemi as does 244(K), too, but from Espoo station. Even further south, along the road 110 (HSL Region bus stops Veikkola and Lamminpääntie), runs bus U275 on weekdays till 31st May 2020. The termini are located at Leppävaara station (Espoo) and Nummela bus station (Vihti). Further information on prices on the U line buses(www.hsl.fi/en/timetables-and-routes/u-line-services).
Should you be interested in hiking at the western part of the park starting on a weekday, bus U280 from Helsinki (destination bus stop Tervalammen kartano, Vihti) is your choice. In case you want to travel all the way, you need to change bus once and purchase the ticket either from Matkahuolto (matkahuolto.fi) or the bus driver. There is approximately a 1-kilometre walk from the bus stop to the park.
Activities in the area:Biking, Birdwaching, Canoeing, Fishing, Geocaching, Guided trips, Hiking, Horse riding, Pick berries and mushrooms, Sights and scenery, Skiing, Swimming, Tenting, Tour skating, Walk on nature trail